Our Lifesaving History

aha original logo

Our Early History

Before the American Heart Association existed, 心脏病患者被认为注定要彻底卧床休息,或者注定即将死亡.

但少数开拓性的医生和社会工作者认为,事情不一定非得这样. They conducted studies to learn more about heart disease, America’s No. 1 killer. Then, on June 10, 1924, 他们在芝加哥会面,成立了沙巴足球体育平台,相信科学研究可以引领更好的治疗方法, prevention and ultimately a cure. The early American Heart Association enlisted help from hundreds, then thousands, of physicians and scientists.

“We were living in a time of almost unbelievable ignorance about heart disease,” said Paul Dudley White, one of six cardiologists who founded the organization.

In 1948, the association reorganized, 从一个专业的科学学会转变为一个由科学和外行志愿者组成、专业人员支持的全国性志愿卫生组织.

Since then, 沙巴足球体育平台在国内和国际上的规模和影响力迅速增长,成为一个拥有3300多万志愿者和支持者的组织,致力于改善心脏健康,减少心血管疾病和中风的死亡.

以下是沙巴足球体育平台在90多年的救生史上的里程碑沙巴足球体育平台表:

1915

Looking for Answers: Nearly a decade before the formal creation of the American Heart Association, 医生和社会工作者聚在一起寻找更多关于心脏病之谜的答案.

1924

American Heart Association is Founded: 六位心脏病专家组成了沙巴足球体育平台,作为医生的专业协会. One of the founders, Dr. Paul Dudley White, 描述早期人们对心脏病“几乎难以置信的无知”.

1925

Scientific Sessions Begins: 沙巴足球体育平台举行了第一次科学会议,科学家和医疗保健专业人员在会上了解最新的发展. The meeting, held every year since except for during World War II, 发展成为美国最大的年度心血管会议,也是心血管健康社区的主要国际目的地.

1947

Heart Week Kicks Off: First public campaign kicks off in February to celebrate National Heart Week.

1948

The AHA Reorganizes: The AHA reorganizes, 从一个科学学会转变为一个由志愿者组成、有专业人员支持的志愿卫生组织. Support for the AHA’s mission becomes much more visible, with fundraising activities taking hold in communities and businesses.

First Research Grant Awarded: The association awards its first research grant, to Nobel Prize winner Dr. Albert Szent-Gyorgyi. 该基金资助了有关肌肉(如心脏)收缩所需能量的研究. In all, the AHA has funded 13 Nobel Prize winners, including nine whose AHA-funded work led to the Nobel Prize. 

Life-changing Breakthroughs

1956

Steady Hearts: 体外除颤器在人类身上首次成功地使颤抖的心脏恢复到稳定的节奏. Dr. Paul Zoll leads the study, with funding from the AHA.

1957

First Pacemaker Implanted: The first battery-operated, wearable pacemaker is implanted in a patient. The research leading to this discovery, pioneered by Dr. William Weirich and funded by the AHA, led to the development of the fully implanted pacemakers used today.

1960

Implantable Pacemakers Make Way: The first successful surgeries for completely implantable pacemakers are reported by Dr. William Chardack, who received funding from the AHA. Production of implantable pacemakers quickly gets underway.

The Beginning of Artificial Heart Valve Replacements: The first successful artificial heart valve replacement is performed by Dr. Albert Starr, 谁得到了沙巴足球体育平台的支持,与液压工程师Lowell Edwards一起开发了机械心脏瓣膜. The Starr-Edwards valve is still used today, along with other artificial heart valves, improving countless lives.

1961

AHA-Funded Research and CPR: AHA-funded research from Drs. William Kouwenhoven, James Jude and Guy Knickerbocker show how CPR can save lives after cardiac arrest. Their research is reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association. We now know that effective bystander CPR can double or triple chances of survival.

Pioneering Microsurgery: Dr. Julius Jacobson performs surgery with the aid of a microscope. He becomes a pioneer in microsurgery with AHA funding. Microsurgery leads to advances in coronary artery surgery, neurosurgery and numerous other procedures.

Recent Achievements

2008

Research Shows Breaths Not Required for CPR: With funding from the AHA, Dr. Gordon Ewy shows uninterrupted, 高质量的胸外按压——没有口对口呼吸——对保持血液循环到重要器官很重要. As a result, 沙巴足球体育平台(AHA)发布了新的建议,称旁观者可以跳过嘴对嘴的人工呼吸,使用仅手动心肺复苏(CPR)来帮助突然晕倒的成年人.

AHA Issues Statement on Hands-Only CPR: The AHA releases a statement about Hands-Only CPR, 他说,旁观的人如果看到一个成年人突然倒下,应该拨打911,并通过快速用力推受害者的胸部中部,提供高质量的胸外按压. This is a departure from traditional CPR that requires rescue breaths.

Nobel Prize Awarded to Early AHA-Funded Researcher: Dr. 马丁·查尔菲(Martin Chalfie)因开发绿色荧光蛋白作为基因标签来观察活细胞内部而获得2008年诺贝尔化学奖, including heart cells, to better understand how the cells are made and how they work. The AHA funded Chalfie earlier in his career.

2009

AHA Advocacy Efforts Help Lead to Tobacco Oversight: 沙巴足球体育平台帮助引导家庭吸烟预防和烟草控制法案的通过. The law lets the FDA regulate tobacco, bans candy-flavored cigarettes and adds large warning labels to tobacco products. Billboard advertising near schools is banned, 烟草公司不能再改变他们的产品,使其更容易上瘾,或做出误导性的健康声明.

2010

2020 Impact Goal Announced: 沙巴足球体育平台宣布了一个主要目标,即到2020年将所有美国人的心血管健康水平提高20%,同时将心血管疾病和中风的死亡率降低20%. Prevention is a major focus of the 2020 Impact Goal.

2014

AHA Leads Heart Disease and Stroke Research Funding: After 65 years of funding research, AHA’s investment in heart disease and stroke research totals more than $3.5 billion. 沙巴足球体育平台是联邦政府以外的心脏病和中风研究的主要资助机构.

2016

One Brave Idea: The AHA establishes One Brave Idea, 一项史无前例的研究计划将7500万美元奖励给一个专注于心脏病治疗的团队. It’s funded through an alliance of the AHA, Verily and AstraZeneca.

AHA Institute for Precision Cardiovascular Medicine: Through the institute, 沙巴足球体育平台为致力于挖掘大量数据以解决一系列心脏病问题的研究人员提供资金. 该研究所开始收集、连接和利用患者的数据,以帮助改善心脏健康.

2018

Resuscitation Quality Improvement Partners: The AHA and Laerdal Medical establish RQI Partners as a legal, 合资企业,朝着实现我们的大胆愿景迈出了一大步那就是没有人死于心脏骤停. 营利性子公司伙伴关系的重点是复苏质量改进®计划, 与复苏学会基金会共同开发的HeartCode®组合和解决方案.

2019

AHA Grantee wins Nobel Prize: Gregg L. Semenza, M.D., Ph.D., 约翰霍普金斯大学的科学家因发现细胞如何感知和适应氧气供应而共同获得2019年诺贝尔生理学或医学奖, the mechanism for one of life’s most essential adaptive processes. He shares the prize with William G. Kaelin Jr., M.D., of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston and Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe, M.D., of the University of Oxford, England, and Francis Crick Institute in London. 他们的合作工作为了解氧气水平如何影响细胞代谢和生理功能奠定了基础, 为有希望的防治心血管疾病和许多其他急慢性疾病的新战略铺平了道路, including anemia and cancer. Dr. Semenza has received five AHA research grants. The Association’s support of his now Nobel Prize winning work on HIF-1 began in 1993.

More than 90 years of saving lives

继续阅读我们90多年来挽救生命的历史,以及我们继续为抗击心脏病和中风铺平道路的工作.

american heart association meeting with Paul Dudley White